عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and Objective: Smuggling has not only economic impacts but also social impacts on societal security. The present research is primarily aimed at answering two questions: "what are consequences of smuggling which contribute to social insecurity?", "Which consequences contribute more to social insecurity?"
Therefore, the primary aim is identifying the role of smuggling consequences in social insecurity, their levels of importance while compared with each other.