عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Family is the first training environment for children. Although, during the time family has delegated many of its functions to various social bodies, none of the bodies have managed to fully perform its most important functions. The present research aims at identifying structure and paradigms of relationships of prisoners' families in Zahedan prison. Researchers are of the opinion that children-parents relationship paradigms in family structure is an effective factor in tendency toward social delinquency. The objective is identifying the role of relations' quality and family structure, parents' surveillance; effects of parent-peers are among effective variables in primary prevention from delinquency commitment. Research is of survey type and has been conducted through using a standard questionnaire and interview. N=341 including prisoners of Zahedan prison selected through using Morgan table and assorted sampling. Basically, social control hypotheses, child bearing methods, and Quernor paradigm and Fitzpatrick have been used in this research. The findings of the research indicate that 40 percent of criminals belong to procrastinating or indifferent families, and 34 percent of them belong to families with dictator parents. Lack of attention on the part of parents and being ostracized and blamed by family and parents, employment paradigms, and monthly income have direct and significant relationship with tendency toward crime commitment among help-seekers in Zahedan prison. The results of the research indicated that disruption in family functions such as parents' addiction, parents' weak supervision, divorce and continuous quarrels and parents' weak social surveillance are among the most important factors which facilitate individuals' tendency toward crimes. Whereas, social damages convert into social problems in case of their full-fledged spread, and social problems in their own turn threatens the society social and mental security in the macro level, and families and individuals in the micro level. Therefore, factors effective in emergence of social damages should be identified with respect to prevention-oriented approach, and should be removed, as well.